Infrastructure investment has been a key priority of the government in its economic development initiatives. In October, the State Council issued a guideline on promoting investment in nine types of infrastructure facilities, including railways, highways and waterways, airports and water conservation.
The National Development and Reform Commission, China's top economic regulator, has been speeding up project approvals. Local government bond issuance has also been surging.
The effects of supportive policies started to surface in the second half of 2018. In December, the growth rate of infrastructure investment rose to 7.7 percent year-on-year, compared with a decline of 5.9 percent in August, according to a recent report from investment bank China International Capital Corp.
Considering the projects in the pipeline, the report predicted that in the first six months of this year, infrastructure investment growth would continue to pick up pace and reach a peak of around 15 percent.
Lian Ping, chief economist at Bank of Communications, said infrastructure investment still has much growth potential in 2019. "The growth of infrastructure investment is expected to support overall investment and promote economic stability," he said.
The government's policy priorities this year are to stabilize employment and financial markets, better balance foreign trade, and encourage foreign and domestic investment. Central authorities said China will ensure its economic growth remains within a reasonable range in 2019, a year when the global economy is expected to soften.
Sino-US trade tensions over the past few months have added more uncertainty after tit-for-tat tariffs took a toll on global trade.
However, optimism is brewing as China and the US are considering putting an end to their tariff standoff. Analysts expect the two countries to come to an agreement soon, although they also admitted that there remain uncertainties given the complexity of the issues at hand.
Li Kuiwen, a spokesman for the General Administration of Customs, said the government has rolled out effective measures to support the stable development of foreign trade and cope with changes in the external situation. "Foreign trade growth will continue to be stable," Li told reporters.
According to the General Administration of Customs, China's foreign trade volume reached a record high last year, up 9.7 percent from the previous peak posted in 2017.
Sang Baichuan, a professor of international economy at the University of International Business and Economics, said China's concerted efforts in opening-up, fast-paced industrial upgrading and improved corporate vitality will stimulate trade growth this year.
Besides all those endeavors to support infrastructure and trade, the government is also helping boost domestic consumer spending -- another primary engine for economic growth.
"Although China's consumption growth rate dropped to 9 percent in 2018, it was still at a medium-to high-speed level, and the consumption growth trend remains unchanged," said Wang Bin, deputy director of the ministry's department of market operation and consumption promotion.